Malawi has more than 19 miljoen inhabitants (2020). One fifth of Malawi consists of water: Lake Malawi. The Shire river flows from the lake over a distance of 402 kilometers to the south of Malawi, flowing into the Zambezi river (Mozambique). Malawi has a tropical climate, with cooler climate in the highlands.
The official language is English. The native language is Chichewa, spoken by most people in Malawi. Malawi has another 17 languates, of which some have several dialects. About 40% of the inhabitants is illiterate, mostly women.
On 6 July 1964 Nyasaland became an independent state with a new name: Malawi.
Medical situation in Malawi
The district of Chikhwawa (4.755 km2) is a remote area far from urban Malawi. The district has got one governmental hospital and a few clinics, which are located far apart from each other. Heat and drought make Chikhwawa unattractive for development aid. Of its population of over 430,000 people, 210,000 are under the age of 16. Over the past three years more than 150,000 persons in Chikhwawa have had an HIV/AIDS test, 14,6% of them turned out to be HIV/AIDS positive. There were 21.945 pregnant women in the district in June 2010. Of them 4,351 visited the hospital. Out of 3,649 HIV-tested women, 12.5% appeared to be positive. The management of the governmental hospital in Chikhwawa recognizes the need for more medical care and tries to realize additional Clinics in the village communities.
Facts of Malaria
Every year 2 million people die because of malaria; 75% are under five. Most of these victims are being found in the poorest countries of Africa. Malawi is one of them.